The Annotated Water Integrity Scan (AWIS), developed in 2009, was finalised and put into practice in 2010, offering a quick and relatively inexpensive way of gaining a picture of the level of integrity in a country’s water sector. It includes workshops during which recognised experts from a country’s water sector score and discuss various indicators to measure risks and institutional weaknesses that can lead to corruption in the sector. It also offers the opportunity to identify potential action for the future. The AWIS tool looks at different sub-sectors of the water sector, either together or separately. In each, it assesses the integrity of five main aspects: policy and legislation; regulation; investment projects and programmes; service provision; and anti-corruption measures. Within these, participants are asked to explore three of the main pillars of integrity: transparency, accountability and participation.
The results are analysed to reveal areas of particular risk or institutional weakness, and can form a basis for strong recommendations for action. Repetition of the exercise also helps reveal whether progress has been made compared to previous results. In 2010, the AWIS tool was put into practice in Benin, Burkina Faso (in both urban and rural contexts), Ghana and Honduras. In 2011, an AWIS was conducted in Kenya. The outcomes were revealing and relevant, and underlined the importance of participation by a variety of stakeholders.