The first Water Integrity Forum will focus on seven key work streams:
Work stream Water, Food and Energy
Co-conveners: International Water Management Institute (IWMI), Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), Transparency International (TI), World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), Interamerican Development Bank (IDB)
In this Work Stream, the Forum addresses issues related to water integrity that transcends the water sector into the food and/or energy sectors, and that affect sustainable development of our water resources.
The water, food, and energy sectors are intrinsically linked and they should therefore not be addressed separately. This also means that issues of transparency and integrity should be crosscutting across water, food, and energy. This is becoming even more pronounced due to the growing competition for our natural resources, rapid urbanisation, land and water deterioration, and the effects of climate change on the interrelations of water, food and energy. Currently, more than two thirds of global freshwater withdrawal is used for food and bio-fuels. These circumstances of increasing, or expected, scarcities and competition for land and associated water resources are drivers of corruption and therefore threaten access to these resources by the poor.
Under this Work stream, there will be the following two sessions:
1. Session 1: Integrity in Water and Food Security
2. Session 2: Integrity and Sustainability in Hydropower and Multipurpose Dam Projects
These sessions will end with a joint panel discussion and will also include participants from Workstream 2.
Work stream Water resource management in river Basins
Co-conveners: Office International de l´Eau, World Bank, Organisation pour la Mise en Valeur du fleuve Sénégal (OMVS), International Sheldt Commission, Sri Lanka Water Partnership, UNESCO-IHP
Water management at river basin scale includes many different (interrelated) functions, such as water demand and supply, food production, groundwater, flood and drought management, water and environment flows, water for industries, water for energy, fisheries, environmental services, sustainable development and poverty alleviation. These functions can be addressed at different scales and levels to ensure participation of different types of stakeholders.
For good governance to effective, water management often also needs to address the question of land uses and physical planning. Upstream catchments and water uses have downstream implications, which are often trans boundary. Downstream demands, often because of the presence of big cities and large populations, are at the same time impacting upstream areas. Many organisations are involved in river basin management at different levels and geographic scales. River basin organisations and Water Boards are gaining importance, but lack the recognition and control to impose integer and responsible behaviour on large water users and polluters. Companies believing in water stewardship and social responsibility propose global and local water tools, but do not sufficiently look at issues through the water integrity lens. Government institutions are lacking capacities and cannot always ensure regulatory oversight in an effective way. Hence, the phenomenon of corruption continues to hamper effectiveness of the river basin approach to land and water management in the absence of effective monitoring and accountability systems.
There is one session under this workstream. There will be a joint panel discussion at the end of the session with work stream 1 participants.
Work Stream Rural Water, Sanitation and Hygiene
Co-conveners: Water Integrity Network (WIN), UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, WaterLex, Gender and Water Alliance, Helvetas, IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre, Fresh Water Network for South Asia (FANSA).
Access to safe water supply, proper sanitation, and good hygiene are the basics for a healthy life. Still, many (rural) poor communities lack access to basic safe and sustainable water and sanitation services and therefore the means to apply hygiene practices. Progress towards the Millennium Development Goal 7 on water and sanitation is especially lacking in sub-Saharan Africa. The Global Corruption Report (Transparency International, 2008) showed that the WASH sector needs to confront corruption issues in regulation, services delivery and infrastructure development. Action research projects such as WASH-Cost and Triple-S have shown that lack of transparency, accountability and of effective participation inhibit sustainability, and results in huge investment losses called slippages. Lessons learnt need to be brought to scale, but vested interests and wilful malpractice impede this in many circumstances. Public awareness, access to information and transparency on sector performance are vital for people and civil society to hold governments, and possibly private service providers, (financially) accountable. WIN and partners have gained experience in diagnosing integrity risks as a basis for local and national action plans for good governance in the water and sanitation sector. Unfortunately such plans tend to be slow in implementation and a specific anti-corruption focus is often diluted or ineffective because addressing corruption is a sensitive issue at best, a cultural taboo in general, and a no-go zone at worst.
There will be one session under this work stream
Work Stream Integrated Urban Water Management & Services
Co-conveners: Global Water Partnership (GWP), African Development Bank, Vitens Evidens International, World Bank Water and Sanitation Programme (WSP), Suez Environment, VU University of Amsterdam.
Water security in urban areas is under threat due to many stresses – population growth, urbanisation, increasing water pollution, the over-abstraction of groundwater, water-related disasters, and climate change. Current planning and management have proven insufficient in addressing the challenges of water security and there is therefore a need for a paradigm shift based on key concepts of integrated water resource management (IWRM) that include the key following principles:
- Consider the entire water cycle as one system (water sources, water supply, wastewater and storm water)
- Provide water fit for purposes (matching water of a certain quality to its intended use)
- Maximize the benefits from waste water (recycling and reuse of resources is fostered by more decentralized clustered systems)
- Involve all the players, including local governments, utilities, and communities (in the water allocation per sector, water demand campaigns, planning, decision and implementation process).
- Strengthen institutional environment (promoting inter-sectoral approach, efficiency and transparency)
There will be one session under this work stream.
Work Stream 5: Tools to diagnose and assess integrity
Co-conveners: UNDP Water Governance Facility, Water Integrity Network (WIN), AKVO Foundation, South Asia Consortium for Interdisciplinary Water Resources Studies (SaciWaters) Latin America Water, Education and Training Network (LA WETnet), WaterNet, Transparency International (TI), Jalsrot Vikas Sanstha (Nepal Water Partnership), Fundación Botín.
Different organisations have developed different tools to assess and diagnose levels of corruption or integrity. These tools are mainly designed to assess integrity and corruption in the private and/or public sector. There are also tools conceived to support the public and civil society to be able to assess integrity and corruption themselves, to raise their voices, and to support citizen’s action and participation. These assessment tools can have gaps and so this work stream will try to identify these gaps, and seek possible solutions. The work stream will take stock of available tools, their impact in addressing integrity issues and suggest ways to move forward.
The following sessions are scheduled under this work stream:
• Assessing risks and opportunities
• Assessing integrity using social accountability approaches.
Work stream 6: Tools to improve, build and monitor integrity
Co-conveners: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP); Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, UNDP Water Governance Facility at SIWI, Water Governance Centre, Twynstra Gudde Consultants and Managers, Wageningen University, International Water Management Institute (IWMI), International Union for Conservation of Nature, Royal HaskoningDHV, Center for Women’s Advocacy Studies, International Centre for Water Management Services (CEWAS), Office International de l´Eau (OIEAU).
Different organisations have developed different tools to improve and monitor levels of integrity. These tools are designed to support people and civil society, public and private organisations to enhance integrity or to raise public awareness and to support citizen’s action and participation. There is a wide range of tools that will be showcased under this work stream that will cut across various thematic areas. An institutional perspective will be also shared from UNDP-PACDe and GIZ in relation to their usage of tools for their organizations anti-corruption agenda.
The following sessions are scheduled under this workstream:
- Fostering good governance principles in the water sector – tools, experiences and lessons learnt from UNDP sectoral initiative and GIZ programmes in Sub-Saharan Africa
- Taking stock of tools to improve, build and monitor integrity
- Plenary discussion based on presentations of various tools.
Work Stream 7: Processes to scale up integrity
Curbing corruption requires efforts that cannot be undertaken by a single organisation and not even by a specific group of organisations. To put a stop to corruption in the water sector we have to scale-up action through partnerships and anchor integrity in all relevant policies and organisations that have a stake in the water sector. Only if integrity is considered a core responsibility for the entire water sector we will be able to prevent corruption across the sector effectively.
Six years after the Water Integrity Network (WIN) was established to promote integrity and fight corruption in the water sector, it has made significant progress in making its case. WIN is not an implementing organisation but was set-up as a network to facilitate mainstreaming of the topic water integrity through a growing number of partners and members.
Hence the objective of workstream 7 is to further create commitment and establish and support alliances and programs on water integrity. To this end the session will takes place in an interactive format: A key-note speech and a set of introductory statements will provide the basis for the discussions among participants on how water integrity can be scaled-up. The audience will have the opportunity to move between cafè tables, meet new people, actively contribute their thinking, and link the essence of their discoveries to the discussion of the panel members. The panel representatives will discuss the way forward for scaling-up water integrity. Again the audience will be asked for their contributions.